Bibliografía - métodos de aprendizaje

Este artículo analiza la adquisición de la competencia intercultural por parte de los profesores de español en formación a través de tres metodologías de aprendizaje activo: el aprendizaje basado en problemas, el diseño curricular activo y la toma de decisiones. Los profesores en formación evaluaron a través de una encuesta autoadministrada la adquisición de las cuatro subcompetencias del profesorado de segundas lenguas que integran la competencia intercultural, siguiendo los descriptores propuestos por el Instituto Cervantes en 2012. Aunque las tres tareas analizadas obtuvieron valoraciones positivas para la consecución de los objetivos marcados, el aprendizaje basado en problemas aparece como la que mejor favorece la adquisición de las subcompetencias donde destacan los elementos de mediación, entre otros.

This article analyzes the acquisition of intercultural competence among teachers in training of Spanish as a foreign language through three different active learning methodologies: problem-based learning, active curriculum design, and decision-making. The teachers in training assessed whether they had developed the four sub-competences required of teachers of second languages to become intercultural teachers. To this end, they used a self-conducted survey following the descriptors suggested by the Instituto Cervantes in 2012. The three tasks analyzed were assessed as conducive to achieving the established objectives. Nevertheless, the problem-based learning appears as the one that improves the acquisition of sub-competences the most, among which mediation elements particularly stand out. 

There seems to be a gap between the way polyglots learn languages and the way they are taught in most language courses. Why is that? And what exactly makes polyglots’ ways of learning languages different? 

Lýdia’s mission as a language mentor is to help people learn languages more effectively by applying learning strategies that polyglots use. In this talk, she provides a few insights on where the methods of polyglots and of foreign language teachers seem to differ. She’s helped thousands of Slovaks change their approach to learning foreign languages by applying polyglots’ principles in practice.

Want to learn a new language but feel daunted or unsure where to begin? You don't need some special talent or a "language gene," says Lýdia Machová. In an upbeat, inspiring talk, she reveals the secrets of polyglots and shares four principles to help unlock your own hidden language talent -- and have fun while doing it.

Polyglots are usually very good at learning languages by themselves, without teachers. This ability is often attributed to a special talent that they have, but Lýdia believes it comes down to a different quality – self-discipline. Learning a language from zero to a comfortable B2 level by yourself takes a lot of time and dedication and if you’re doing this by yourself, you need to be either extremely motivated to learn that language, or well-disciplined. That’s why most people find it so difficult and often give up after a few weeks or months. There is, however, quite a simple solution to this problem: learning systematically. If you create a plan in your learning, all you need to do is follow its simple steps, day by day, week by week, month by month. You don’t have to ask yourself “Do I feel like learning today?” over and over again. Lýdia trusts that anyone can turn into a successful autodidact (i.e. learn a language by themselves) if they find the right methods to learn and if they create a realistic plan. In her talk, she’ll give concrete examples of how such a plan may look, based on hundreds of examples of her students.

Aquí se recoge bibliografía sobre la enseñanza y aprendizaje de lenguas en general y de ELE en particular.

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